Buddhism-History And Philosophy

Buddhism came into existence in the 5th century B.C. The basic philosophies of the religion are based on the life a man whose name was Siddhartha Gautam, who became popular as the Buddha later in his life. Around 563 B.C. he was born in a rich family with all the possible luxuries of life. It was only around his twenties, when he was a young man that he started to look for the spiritual worth of his life and questioned its true meaning. As a result, he decided to give up all his luxuries and attachments in his present life including his wife and son to get answers to his questions.

Long after his struggle with the new life, Buddha gained enlightenment. This state of being free of all worldly pains, sufferings and desires came to be called as ‘Nirvana’. This is why the term has a close association with Buddhism and its philosophies. Among the many other philosophies and commandments of Buddhism are The Four Noble Truths.


The Four Noble Truths:

After Buddha was enlightened, he came to India where he also gave his first sermon. The sermon was the foundation on which his teachings were formed and are popularly called the Four Noble Truths. The noble truths are about the truths of life and why we should accept life with its truths as it is.

  • The first truth talks about the presence of sufferings (Dukha) in life. Suffering or Dukha is not just the feeling of pain, loss, sickness or separation. It also includes the feeling of dissatisfaction or discontentment in life. This happens due to the human nature of attaching itself with the worldly emotions and things.
  • The second truth is that our Desires are the root cause of our sufferings. The more we desire, the more we suffer. We might fulfill one desire but then move on to the other desire and thus, remain dissatisfied always which results in our sufferings. Our lives are thus, only temporarily satisfied.


  • The third truth gives us the solution to the first and second truth. It says that if we put an end to our desires, our sufferings will automatically come to an end. However, it does not mean that we should have no joys in life. This needs an understanding of the purpose of our lives. The desires that take us away from a meaningful life must be checked.
  • The fourth truth shows us the way to be followed in order to lead a life free of all sufferings, which is the middle way according to the Buddha. The middle way refers to a life which is not very luxurious and also not one with poverty. The noble Eightfold Path helps to lead such a life.

Buddhism leads the philosophy of living a meaningful life and having a dignified death. A lot of funeral services Singapore thus, aim at giving a dignified farewell to the departed soul according to the Buddhist philosophy.

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